Hepatitis A

Who- Seen mainly in the adult population. It is more prevalent in countries with overcrowding and poor sanitation. Children or young adults acquire the infection at school through poor hygiene, hand-to-hand contact, or other close contact What- Caused by RNA virus of enterovirus family When- Incubation period is estimated 2-6 weeks  with a mean of approximately 4 … Continue reading “Hepatitis A”

screen-shot-2016-09-28-at-11-36-11-amWho- Seen mainly in the adult population. It is more prevalent in countries with overcrowding and poor sanitation. Children or young adults acquire the infection at school through poor hygiene, hand-to-hand contact, or other close contact

What- Caused by RNA virus of enterovirus family

When- Incubation period is estimated 2-6 weeks  with a mean of approximately 4 weeks. It may be prolonged, lasting 4-8 weeks

Where- Liver and spleen

Why- Fecal-oral route transmission; poor sanitation; person-to-person contact; waterborne; foodborne; Transmission is also possible with oral-anal contact during sex

 

 

Captopril

Captopril is an ACE inhibitor that is used to manage HTN and HF. Half of it is metabolized by the liver while the other half is excreted unchanged in urine. It is to be used cautiously in patients with renal impairment, hyponatremia, and concurrent diuretic therapy. Possible, but not common side effects of this drug are … Continue reading “Captopril”

Captopril is an ACE inhibitor that is used to manage HTN and HF. Half of it is metabolized by the liver while the other half is excreted unchanged in urine. It is to be used cautiously in patients with renal impairment, hyponatremia, and concurrent diuretic therapy. Possible, but not common side effects of this drug are proteinuria, hyperkalemia, and impaired renal function. Important lab tests to monitor are BUN, serum creatinine, AST, ALT, and serum bilirubin. (Skyscape: Davis’ Drug Guide)

Lab Values

  My favorite lab value is sodium (135-145). The reason this is my favorite is because it is easy to remember if you know the normal value for pH (7.35-7.45). My least favorite lab value is calcium (8.6-10.2) because the range of numbers is very random, and there is nothing to relate it to make it … Continue reading “Lab Values”

 

screen-shot-2016-09-09-at-12-21-49-am

My favorite lab value is sodium (135-145). The reason this is my favorite is because it is easy to remember if you know the normal value for pH (7.35-7.45).

My least favorite lab value is calcium (8.6-10.2) because the range of numbers is very random, and there is nothing to relate it to make it easier to remember.